Cannabis Culture in Canada
January 23, 2019

Cannabis terms and phrases - Understand the Language of Cannabis

Mel Perron
4 min

Alcohol Extraction:

The process of stripping the essential oils and trichomes from the marijuana plant by using either ethyl or isopropyl alcohol.


The process of breaking off and harvesting trichomes from the cannabis flower through physical contact.


Bud is a synonym for the flower of the mature marijuana plant. They are the actual nuggets that you smoke. Buds are the part of the marijuana plant that contain the cannabinoids.


A marijuana concentrate that is similar to wax but softer and more pliable. Butter contain 70%+ THC.


A budtender is dispensary employee, similar to a pharmacist, who works behind the counter and showcases the stores different products.


The process of creating hash oil(s) by pushing a solvent through plant material.


One of the most popular solvents used in earlier concentrate extraction.


The chemical compounds found in the Cannabis plant that offers a variety of health benefits.


Indigenous to Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent, cannabis is a genus of flowering plants that includes Cannabis ruderalis, Cannabis sativa, and Cannabis indica.


Cannabidiol is one of over 60 molecules called cannabinoids found in marijuana.


A clone is a marijuana plant clipping that can be planted and grown, creating a genetic copy of the plant.

CO2 Extraction:

CO2 extraction is the process of pressurizing liquid or gas CO2 to its Critical State, (over 1078 PSI), and passing it through marijuana.


A concentrate is any type of cannabis product that is refined from flowers into a more purified and potent form.


Cotton mouth is one of the harmless side effects of marijuana. When high, the mouth becomes abnormally dry.


Crossbreeding is when multiple cannabis plants are bred to produce a new strain.


Crystals or trichomes, are the part of the marijuana plant that hold the most THC and are specifically used to make concentrates like kief or hash.


Curing is a very important process during the growth of a cannabis plant, which allows for a much higher quality end product.


Dabbing is the latest method used to consume potent cannabis concentrates like butane hash oil.


Decarboxylation is the process of heating weed at a low temperature to transform “inactive” acid cannabinoids like THCA and CBDA into “active” THC and CBD.


Edibles are marijuana-infused products that are consumed orally.


An eighth of an ounce refers to the typical measurement of marijuana, which equates to 3.5 grams.


Endo or “indo” is a word used to describe cannabis that is grown indoors, usually hydroponically.

Flowering Time:

Flowering time references the period in which a plant produces flowers, after the vegetative stage when it’s been actively growing.


The flowers of a cannabis plant refer to the hairy, often sticky bud or parts of the plant that are harvested and used to consume in a variety of marijuana products.

Green Out:

A green out is like an alcohol-induced blackout, but in reference to consuming too much cannabis, usually through edibles or potent dabs.


A grinder is a circular metal, steel or wood device used to breakdown marijuana to make using the flower easier.


An heirloom strain is a virgin breed of cannabis that hasn’t been mixed or crossbred with another, therefore maintaining its original genetics.


It’s a product that can be commercially produced to make numerous products like paper, rope, food, building materials, fuel and more.


A hybrid is a cross between two genetically different strains of cannabis.


Hydroponics is a popular way to grow marijuana that utilizes a soilless system.


Indica is one of the three classifications of cannabis, alongside sativa and ruderalis.


Kief is a result of separating trichomes from the marijuana plant.


Kush is a specific indica strain of marijuana, thought to have originated from the Hindu Kush mountain range in Afghanistan and Pakistan where it has been cultivated for hundreds of years.

Live Resin:

A term to describe an extraction method where plants are harvested within 48 hours of picking them.

Licensed Facility:

Refers to a MIP that is fully licensed and compliant in its state/province of operation.


Is a broad word for a plant and its flowers that contain several psychoactive ingredients like THC or CBD.


Medical marijuana is a term in reference to the use of cannabis to treat chronic pain, nausea, anxiety, sleep apnea and more.


Being “medicated” is a term similar to being stoned or high.


Phenotype is a word used to successfully identify a plant’s inherent traits.


The process of removing residual solvent from a concentrate.


Recreational drug use is used to intentionally change one’s state of consciousness in order to produce feelings of elation.


Resin refers to the trichomes that are used to create hash.


Ruderalis is one of the three main variations of cannabis.


Sativa is a shorter, less scientific name for the specific species of cannabis plant.


Shatter is a type of concentrate that is believed to be the purest and most potent type of marijuana product.


A cannabis strain is a particular kind of plant species, either in a pure or hybrid variety like sativa or indica found in both the recreational and medical arenas.


Single source concentrates that have been created from a company that grows its own flower from seed.


A solvent is just a liquid in which something is dissolved to form a solution.


Terpenes are chemical compounds found in cannabis that produce the distinct flavor and smell of the flower.


Tetrahydrocannabinol is the most recognized cannabinoid in the marijuana plant, its well-known psychoactive effects, effectively causes someone to feel high.


A tincture is a liquid form of marijuana, typically made from glycerin or alcohol.


A cannabis-infused cream, oil, or lotion that is to be applied to the skin.


Trichomes are crystallized glands that produce resin on a marijuana plant.


After marijuana plants are mature, they’re harvested within a certain time frame to keep the product fresh.

Terpene Distillation:

The process of isolating and extracting terpenes directly from cannabis flowers through distillation.

Vape Pen:

A vaporizer pen (or vape pen) is a smaller version of a regular vaporizer. It’s portable and typically uses pre-filled cartridges available in varying sizes and types of cannabis.


Vaporizers help a user consume marijuana differently than most other methods like a joint or pipe, which often combusts the product.


A process in concentrate consumption that uses moderate heat to chemically change a solid-form concentrate into an inhalable vapor.


Wax is a concentrated form of marijuana that’s created when the plant is dissolved into a solvent.

Whole Plant:

A term describing using the whole plant during extraction.

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